カナダ・アメリカ文化比較:アイスホッケーとアメリカンフットボール Ice Hockey vs. American Football[1]

【著者】Vincent A. (ELC Research International)アメリカンフットボールはイギリスで生まれたフットボールがアメリカで進化しました。アイスホッケーはカナダで生まれカナダで発達しました。どちらも北米圏で行われている一番人気のスポーツで,ともに身体の大きな男たちが激しくぶつかり合う競技ですが,アメリカンフットボールでは暴力がほとんど見られないのに対して,アイスホッケーでは暴力行為が頻発しています。この違いは,それぞれのスポーツの発達の仕方とそれを規定した文化的背景が大きく異なるからなのです。アメリカンフットボールは非常にアメリカ的であり,アイスホッケーは非常にカナダ的なのです。【Tags】文化比較,カナダ,アメリカ,アメリカンフットボール,アイスホッケー,カレッジスポーツ,文化的背景,米国独立宣言,自由の風,課外活動,大学教員,暴力の克服,村人の遊び,労働者のスポーツ

Cultural Comparison: Canadian Ice Hockey vs. American Football, Part I

[Author] Vincent A. (ELC Research International) American football originated from rugby football in Britain, evolving in the U.S. into American football as it is seen today, while ice hockey was born and developed in Canada. Currently, both American football and ice hockey are popular sports on the same North America continent, and both are games in which gigantic men collide with each other violently. Then, there is a mystery: very little unnecessary violence occurs in American football, whereas there are lots of gratuitous violent acts in ice hockey. Why are these games so different? The answer is that American football and ice hockey are different not merely in the place where they grew; these are totally different in terms of their evolution as a sport. Namely, football and ice hockey have evolved in different ways due to their historical and cultural backgrounds which are totally different. The development of the former seems very American, whereas that of the latter seems very Canadian. [Tags] cultural comparison, Canada, U.S.A., American football, ice hockey, college athletics, college sports, intercollegiate athletics, cultural background, the U.S. Declaration of Independence, wind of freedom, extracurricular activities, college faculties, violence control, villagers’ game, working man’s sport

カナダ・アメリカ文化比較:アイスホッケーとアメリカンフットボール Ice Hockey vs. American Football[2]

【著者】Vincent A.(ELC Research International)フットボールはアメリカでカレッジスポーツとして発展しましたが,カレッジスポーツがアメリカで興隆した最大の要因は,アメリカが独立戦争(1775-1783)でイギリスに勝利したことです。アメリカが独立戦争で勝利した意義はとても大きく,影響は政治的な面だけでなく社会や人々の生活全般に,つまりアメリカ文化の様々な側面に深く浸透しました。そのひとつがカレッジスポーツの興隆であり,アメフトはそのカレッジスポーツの花形競技となったのです。【Tags】文化比較,カナダ,アメリカ,アメリカンフットボール,アイスホッケー,カレッジスポーツ,文化的背景,米国独立宣言,自由の風,課外活動,大学教員,暴力の克服,村人の遊び,労働者のスポーツ

Cultural Comparison: Canadian Ice Hockey vs. American Football, Part II

[Author] Vincent A. (ELC Research International) American football has been developed in the U.S. as part of college athletics. The greatest factor in the success of college athletics in the U.S. is that America won the Revolutionary War (1775-1783) against Britain. The significance of America winning the Revolutionary War is quite great. The influence thereof was not confined to the political arena. Rather, it deeply influenced the whole American society and peoples’ lives. One example is the success of college athletics in American universities, and American football was developed as a leading sport of such college athletics. [Tags] cultural comparison, Canada, U.S.A., American football, ice hockey, college athletics, college sports, intercollegiate athletics, cultural background, the U.S. Declaration of Independence, wind of freedom, extracurricular activities, college faculties, violence control, villagers’ game, working man’s sport

カナダ・アメリカ文化比較:アイスホッケーとアメリカンフットボール Ice Hockey vs. American Football[3]

【著者】Vincent A.(ELC Research International)19世紀初頭に誕生したアメリカのカレッジスポーツは間もなく大学対抗戦という形で発展します。大学対抗戦が商業的利益につながるだけでなく,大学の名誉・周知度を高めるものだったからです。カレッジスポーツのなかでも粗暴性が非常に強かったフットボールは,当時のアメリカ人の荒々しさや男らしさを好む心性に合っていたことから大変な人気を呼び,カレッジスポーツの花形競技へと発展したのです。しかし,死者まで出すほど暴力的なフットボールは,当然ながら大学教員たちを大いに悩ませることになります。【Tags】文化比較,カナダ,アメリカ,アメリカンフットボール,アイスホッケー,カレッジスポーツ,文化的背景,米国独立宣言,自由の風,課外活動,大学教員,暴力の克服,村人の遊び,労働者のスポーツ

Cultural Comparison: Canadian Ice Hockey vs. American Football, Part III

[Author] Vincent A. (ELC Research International) College athletics which were budding at American universities early in the 19th century grew soon to be intercollegiate athletics. Namely, it was discovered that intercollegiate athletics lead to commercial profits. Further, the success of intercollegiate athletics, in which students competed in front of a large number of spectators, brought a profit to the university as well. The profit was not merely that the name of the university was spread widely; intercollegiate athletics improved the image of the university. Among all college athletics, football had the largest effect because of its power and physicality. Since the roughness of football was well suited to the mentality of Americans at that time, when they had a preference for toughness and manliness, football gained a wide popularity and took the leading role in college athletics. [Tags] cultural comparison, Canada, U.S.A., American football, ice hockey, college athletics, college sports, intercollegiate athletics, cultural background, the U.S. Declaration of Independence, wind of freedom, extracurricular activities, college faculties, violence control, villagers’ game, working man’s sport

カナダ・アメリカ文化比較:アイスホッケーとアメリカンフットボール Ice Hockey vs. American Football[4]

【著者】Vincent A. (ELC Research International)アメリカンフットボールはその力強さ故にカレッジスポーツの花形競技となりましたが,当時は死傷者が続出する暴力的なスポーツでした。フットボールの粗暴性の問題の他にも,カレッジスポーツが人気を博することと大学の教育機関としての社会的使命の問題,アマチュアリズムとカレッジスポーツの商業化・プロ化の問題,学生のスポーツ活動を管理したくても,教員たちには時間や専門知識がないなど,大学教員たちはさまざまなジレンマに直面しました。【Tags】文化比較,カナダ,アメリカ,アメリカンフットボール,アイスホッケー,カレッジスポーツ,文化的背景,米国独立宣言,自由の風,課外活動,大学教員,暴力の克服,村人の遊び,労働者のスポーツ

Cultural Comparison: Canadian Ice Hockey vs. American Football, Part IV

[Author] Vincent A. (ELC Research International) The football became the leading competition in college athletics because of its physical power. However, football was really, at that time, a violent sport and casualties occurred frequently. The university faculties had to struggle to resolve the problems caused by the brutality of the football and they faced various dilemmas such as an antinomy that the more college athletics expanded, the more the mission of the university in society became difficult to achieve; the conflict between amateurism and both commercialization and professionalization of sports; and the reality that, while the faculties wanted to control every detail of the students’ activity, they had no spare time to administer the students’ extracurricular activities, or special knowledge of how to do it. [Tags] cultural comparison, Canada, U.S.A., American football, ice hockey, college athletics, college sports, intercollegiate athletics, cultural background, the U.S. Declaration of Independence, wind of freedom, extracurricular activities, college faculties, violence control, villagers’ game, working man’s sport

カナダ・アメリカ文化比較:アイスホッケーとアメリカンフットボール Ice Hockey vs. American Football[5]

【著者】Vincent A. (ELC Research International)抑圧された学生生活を送る学生たちにとって,課外活動は真に自分を打ち込める対象でした。肉体を激しく駆使するカレッジスポーツを愛した学生たちは,そのエネルギーを試合や練習時間以外でも発散することになり,大学教員たちを大いに悩ませます。そして有名な“フットボール存続の危機”が起き,それを契機に大学教員たちは合同管理委員会を発足させて,フットボールの粗暴性を排除する動きを本格化させました。【Tags】文化比較,カナダ,アメリカ,アメリカンフットボール,アイスホッケー,カレッジスポーツ,文化的背景,米国独立宣言,自由の風,課外活動,大学教員,暴力の克服,村人の遊び,労働者のスポーツ

Cultural Comparison: Canadian Ice Hockey vs. American Football, Part V

[Author] Vincent A. (ELC Research International) For college students who were forced to live an oppressive life, extracurricular activities were the only thing they found in their college life to which they could devote themselves for personal reasons. Those students who loved college athletics, and the idea of making full use of their physical power so intensely, had to spend their surplus energy in extra hours in ways other than games or exercises. It caused great distress to college faculties. Eventually, an incident called the “Football Crisis,” which is very famous in the history of American sports, occurred. It triggered founding an inter-institutional committee attempting to eliminate the brutality of football. [Tags] cultural comparison, Canada, U.S.A., American football, ice hockey, college athletics, college sports, intercollegiate athletics, cultural background, the U.S. Declaration of Independence, wind of freedom, extracurricular activities, college faculties, violence control, villagers’ game, working man’s sport, inter-institutional committee, football crisis, NCAA, National College Athletic Association, Walter Camp

カナダ・アメリカ文化比較:アイスホッケーとアメリカンフットボール Ice Hockey vs. American Football[6]

【著者】Vincent A. (ELC Research International)アイスホッケーが粗暴性排除という近代化を成し得なかった理由はカナダ独特のものです。アメリカはイギリス国王の権力を完全に否定して人民の意志により政府を樹立しようとして独立戦争を起こし,イギリスと対決しましたが,カナダは英連邦の中に留まり,アメリカには追従しませんでした。その一方で,カナダは隣国のアメリカで発展した民主主義を後に部分的にせよ取り入れ,アメリカと似たような民主主義国家を作りました。アメリカが一定の成果を達成するとそれをモデルとしてカナダが後追いするという構図は,カナダ社会に往々にして見られ,カナダのフットボールもその一例ですが,残念ながらカナダ生まれのアイスホッケーに関しては,アメリカに“近代化されたアイスホッケー”というモデルがなかったのです。【Tags】文化比較,カナダ,アメリカ,アメリカンフットボール,アイスホッケー,カレッジスポーツ,文化的背景,米国独立宣言,自由の風,課外活動,大学教員,暴力の克服,村人の遊び,労働者のスポーツ

Cultural Comparison: Canadian Ice Hockey vs. American Football, Part VI

[Author] Vincent A. (ELC Research International) For college students who were forced to live an oppressive life, extracurricular activities were the only thing they found in their college life to which they could devote themselves for personal reasons. Those students who loved college athletics, and the idea of making full use of their physical power so intensely, had to spend their surplus energy in extra hours in ways other than games or exercises. It caused great distress to college faculties. Eventually, an incident called the “Football Crisis,” which is very famous in the history of American sports, occurred. It triggered founding an inter-institutional committee attempting to eliminate the brutality of football. [Tags] cultural comparison, Canada, U.S.A., American football, ice hockey, college athletics, college sports, intercollegiate athletics, cultural background, the U.S. Declaration of Independence, wind of freedom, extracurricular activities, college faculties, violence control, villagers’ game, working man’s sport, inter-institutional committee, football crisis, NCAA, National College Athletic Association, Walter Camp

カナダ・アメリカ文化比較:アイスホッケーとアメリカンフットボール Ice Hockey vs. American Football[7]

【著者】Vincent A. (ELC Research International)カナダのアイスホッケーは,冬に村々の池や凍てついた裏庭にできる自然のリンクを使って行われた遊びに起源があります。このゲームは村の人々の遊びであると同時に,開拓者精神に富んだ荒々しく行動的な男たちの遊びでもありました。ですから,このゲームでは強靱な肉体を持っていることが重要な要素でした。ホッケーは労働者たちのスポーツで,他のスポーツのように教養のある人々が規則作りに関与するようなことがなかったのです。【Tags】文化比較,カナダ,アメリカ,アメリカンフットボール,アイスホッケー,カレッジスポーツ,文化的背景,米国独立宣言,自由の風,課外活動,大学教員,暴力の克服,村人の遊び,労働者のスポーツ

Cultural Comparison: Canadian Ice Hockey vs. American Football, Part VII

[Author] Vincent A. (ELC Research International) David Gordon-MacDonald, the proofreader of the articles, has given a quite interesting suggestion about the origin of Canadian ice hockey, as follows: Ice hockey started on rinks made on village ponds and icy back yards. It was a community game but also a game played by people who considered themselves, in many cases, rough and ready frontiersmen. So, physicality was always a great part of the game. Hockey has always been a working man’s sport and did not have the early intervention from the educated classes that many other sports had. For instance, the British working man’s game, soccer football, had the first version of its current rules written down by a nobleman. That kind of thing never happened in village sport of ice hockey. [Tags] cultural comparison, Canada, U.S.A., American football, ice hockey, college athletics, college sports, intercollegiate athletics, cultural background, the U.S. Declaration of Independence, wind of freedom, extracurricular activities, college faculties, violence control, villagers’ game, working man’s sport, inter-institutional committee, football crisis, NCAA, National College Athletic Association, Walter Camp

error: Content is protected !!